Healing with the Medicine of the Prophet
11 min read

There’s no better time to renew our interest in the medicine of the Prophet (Al-Tibb al-Nabawi). 

I must make a confession here before continuing: I’m mistrustful of pharmaceutical companies. I don’t think they have our best interest in mind. In the end, they are companies that need to make profits.  

So if I can, I avoid putting chemicals in my body, especially when I see how quick are doctors to prescribe drugs here in Vancouver! 

This is how my interest in the medicine of the Prophet (PBUH) started. 

While researching, I came across “Healing with the Medicine of the Prophet”. Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyah wrote this book some 650 years ago. 

From the table content, you can already notice how they view medicine at that time. 

I was expecting a collection of health advice and natural treatments by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). But I found more than that- A different approach to medicine! 

Let’s jump into it. 

Medicine of the Prophet

Back In Time 

What Happened to the Medicine of the Prophet?

“Healing with the medicine of the Prophet” has some terms I’m not familiar with like the Four Humors. To have a better understanding of the book, I needed to go back in time and to learn about the basics of Greek medicine. 

At its core, the medicine of the Prophet is a collection of advice by the Prophet Muhammad with regards to sickness, treatment, and hygiene as found in the hadith. 

After CE 750, Arab, Persian, and Andalusi scholars translated the work of the Greeks.  

The Islamic world assimilated traditional Greek medicine and expanded it with the work of Muslim scholars like Ibn Sina (Avicenna). 

It’s important to distingue the Islamic medicine of the Golden Age from the medicine of the Prophet. The first encompasses the second. It also includes a variety of medical practices from the Greeks to the Persians, passing by the Indian tradition of Ayurveda. 

The medieval medicine of Western Europe adopted both Greek and Islamic medicine during the Renaissance of the 12th century. 

However, the holistic healing system of Greek and Islamic medicine was gradually abandoned in favor of modern medicine as we know it today.  

The increasing emphasis on scientific experimental methods in the 16th and 17th centuries put an end to a traditional system used for centuries by western and eastern people alike.  

To this day, the Hellenic heritage is found in Unani medicine. “Unani” is the Arabic word for “Greek”. Unani medicine is still present in India and Pakistan. 

Like Ayurveda and Chinese medicine, Greek Medicine was based on the idea of balance in bodily systems. 

The medicine of the Prophet also seeks balance, but add to it a spiritual dimension. 

Basic principles of Greek medicine 

To be able to treat diseases, the Greeks thought they need to understand the natural healthy state of the body. So they developed the theory of the Four Humors- to enjoy good health, you need to keep them balanced. 

The ancient Greeks later linked each humor to a season, a temper, and an element. 

The Four Elements: what the body is made of- earth, water, air, and fire. 

The Four Humors: the metabolic agents of the Four Elements. They are liquids that need to stay balanced: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. 

The Four Temperaments: they are the effects of the bodily fluids (the Four Humors) on human personality traits and behaviors: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. 

The Four Qualities: cold, hot, wet, and dry. The 4 Qualities can be understood in their literal or figurative sense. For example, hot refers to a high level of energy or activity. What is hot activates, expands, and excites. While the cold slows down, contracts and congeals. The dry/wet refers to the level of moisture in a system. 

Kinds of Diseases and Cures

The Disease of the Heart and medicine of the Prophet 

Disease of the Heart

Allah (The Almighty) mentions the disease of the heart at multiple times in the Quran: 

“In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease.’’ [Quran 2:10] 

“and that those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) and the disbelievers may say: `What does Allah intend by this (curious) example?’’’ [Quran 74:31] 

The disease of the heart can take different forms: doubt, error, lust, or desire. 

As I wrote before in ‘Is the Heart just a pump?’ and ‘Thinking in Islam’, the heart has critical importance. It’s not only responsible for spiritual thinking, but also the wellbeing of the entire body. 

So it’s important to cure our hearts. 

That’s what makes the Prophetic medicine different for the traditional one- it includes spiritual and emotional ailments. 

For Ibn Qayyim, we cure the heart by following the methodology of the Prophets and Messengers. 

A healthy heart comes with the knowledge of Allah.  

The wellbeing of the heart is linked to our learning about the Creator, His names and attributes, what please and displease Him. 

Physical diseases and cures 

The Prophet didn't take chemical mixtures

Medicine is based on three rules: preserving good health, avoiding what might cause harm, and ridding the body of harmful substances. 

Ailments have two causes: a physical or a temperament cause.  

The difference is that the change in mood/temper can remain even after removing the physical causes.  

The imbalances in temperament affect the Four Qualities or create compound ones- hot and wet, hot and dry, cold and wet, or cold and dry. 

The methodology in the case of physical disease is to look for the cause first, the disease second, and the cure third. 

The harm inflicting the body can impact the temperament and even weakened the soul. 

The Prophet (PBUH) and his companions didn’t use a chemical mixture for remedy. Mostly, their medicine consisted of one ingredient. Sometimes, they add another substance to support the medicine or make it taste better. 

In general, if illness could be fought with nourishment and diet, medicines are avoided. 

Also, doctors adapt their medication to the regular food of the patient. 

For example, people living in the cities have a complex diet compared to people of the desert. The first requires a mixture of ingredients/substances while others need a simple medicine. 

Prophetic medicine has a divine element in it that doctors can’t explain. The Prophets’ specialty is curing the hearts. 

For Ibn Qayyim, the hearts that are connected with the Lord of the Worlds become stronger and defeat the illness easier than the hearts far from God. 

Cure and Destiny 

Seeking the cure

Taking medicine is a part of the destiny of Allah (The Almighty) and it also repels a part of His destiny. 

It is narrated that Abu Khuzamah (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

“I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, about the Ruqyah (healing with supplications and the Qur’an) that we use, the medicine we take and the prevention we seek, does all this change Allah’s appointed destiny?’ He said: ‘They are a part of Allah’s appointed destiny.’’ [Ahmad & At-Tirmidhi] 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) also said:

“Allah has not sent down a disease except that He has also sent down its cure.’’ 

The Prophet stated that there is a cure for every disease so we need to seek it. 

The last thing a sick person needs is to feel hopeless. The statement of the Prophet alone is enough to fill his heart with hope no matter what strikes him/her.  

The Natural and Divine Medicine of the Prophet

The Prophet (PBUH) used three types of remedies for various ailments: natural, divine, and a combination of both natural and divine. 

In the book of Ibn Qayyim, there are more than 70 medicines from the Prophet (PBUH) for various illnesses of the body and heart.  

I can’t cite all of them in this article. I only picked three. 

If the table of contents makes you curious, I recommend buying the book and keeping it for future uses.

Table content 1: Healing with the Medicine of the Prophet

Table content 2: Healing with the Medicine of the Prophet

Table content 3: Healing with the Medicine of the Prophet

The Prophet’s guidance concerning food and drink 

Eating with moderation

The Prophet (PBUH) said:

“The son of Adam never fills a vessel worse than his stomach. The son of Adam only needs a few bites that would sustain him, but if he insists, one third should be reserved for his food, another third for his drink and the last third for his breathing.’’ [Ahmad] 

This is the best method of eating, both for the body and the heart. 

There’s harm for the body when we consume more than what we need. 

And there’s harm for the heart because a full stomach brings laziness and fatigue. 

It happens that the companions ate until satiety in the presence of the Prophet (PBUH). But they didn’t make it a habit. 

The Prophet (PBUH) gives its due share to the basic constituents of the human body: water, solids, and air. 

Some argue that the fourth basic element of fire, according to the Greeks, doesn’t exist in humans. They support their argument with this hadith:  

“The angels were created from light, while Satan was created from the smokeless flame of fire. As for Adam, he was created from what has been told to you.’’ [Muslim]

The Prophet used to neutralize the harm of various foods and fruits. 

Abdullah bin Jafar (May Allah be pleased with him) said:  

“I saw the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) eat ripe dates with cucumbers.’’ [Bukhari & Muslim] 

In general, dates are hot while cucumbers are cool. Seeking this type of combination- a substance with its opposite- neutralizes each other’s harm. The Prophet (PBUH) had other combinations like honey and butter or Senna and Sanoot. 

The Prophet’s Guidance on Using Cupping (Hijamah) 

Cupping (Hijamah)

The Prophet (PBUH) said:

“There is a cure in three substances, a drink of honey, a slash with a knife used for cupping and cauterizing by fire. I forbid my nation from cauterizing by fire.’’ [Bukhari] 

He also said:

“During the night of Isra (the overnight journey from Makkah to Jerusalem and then to the heavens), every company (of angels) that I passed by would say, ‘O Muhammad! Order your nation to use cupping.’’’ 

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to apply cupping on the two jugular veins and the upper part of the back. 

Cupping the upper section of the back helps against the aches of the shoulder and the throat. While cupping the two jugular veins helps against the ailments of the head, face, teeth, ears, eyes, nose, and throat. 

You can think of Hijamah as an oil change for your body. When you remove the old and dirty blood, your body produces fresh blood to replace it. 

Among many benefits, Hijamah strengthens your immune system and detoxifies your body from harmful substances. 

My cousine took me once for a Hijamah session in Morocco. I felt great.  Even if it looks weird in the picture, the whole process is painless.

The cups leave red bruise marks but these disappeared within 2-3 days. 

The Medicine of the Prophet on Treating Sadness, Grief and Depression 

Supplications are divine remedies that affect diseases. 

Ibn Masud said that the Prophet (PBUH) said:

“Whenever a sadness or grief strikes a slave and the slave then says, ‘O Allah! I am Your slave, the son of Your slave, the son of Your female slave. My forelock is in Your grasp. Your decision about me will certainly come to pass. Your judgment on me is certainly just. I ask You by every Name that is Yours and which You call Yourself by, whether You revealed it in Your Book, taught it to some of Your creation or kept in the Knowledge of the Unseen that You have. Make the Noble Qur’an the spring of my heart, the light of my chest, the eliminator of my sadness and the end of my grief. Then, Allah will remove his sadness and depression and will replace them with joy.’’ [Ahmad] 

In another hadith, Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported from the Prophet that he said:

“Whenever sadness and grief intensify on someone, let him often repeat, `There is neither power nor strength except from Allah.’’’ 

And Ibn Qayyim goes on to explain how divine remedies work:

“Allah has created the son of Adam and his body’s organs and designated a state of perfection that each organ could attain and achieve. Consequently, when the organ loses its perfection, it feels pain. Allah has also designated a state of perfection for the heart, the leader of the organs. When the heart loses its perfection, it will fall down with various ills and sicknesses, such as sadness, grief, and anguish. Furthermore, when the eye loses what it was created for, sight; when the ear loses what it was created for, hearing; and when the tongue loses what it was created for, speech; then these organs will have lost their perfection.” 

I’ve never seen it this way. This part of the book made me think that, if we want to perfect our body and heart, the physical and the spiritual, we need to perfect the use of each organ individually! 


This is a long article. Congratulations on reaching the end! 

Probably you won’t remember everything, but at least, you know that they are remedies for various illnesses of the body and the heart.  

Many diseases are preventable with the right lifestyle.  

But if illness strikes you, seek a cure just like the Prophet (PBUH) used to do.  

Natural and divine remedies are enough for many diseases we suffer from. 

And if Allah is blessing you with good health, don’t forget to thank Him for it.